The deployment of hundreds of millions of doses of vaccines to poor countries is seen as an effort to counter the expansion of China’s vaccine diplomacy.
A group of seven leaders is committed to donating hundreds of millions of doses of COVID-19 vaccines to the world’s poorest countries.
UN leader Antonio Guterres criticized the wealthy nations in February, saying the distribution was “wildly irregular and unfair” and warning against so-called “vaccine nationalism” and “vaccine accommodation”. .
WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the pandemic is perpetuated by a “scandalous inequity” in the distribution of vaccines.
The commitments are also seen as an effort to counter China, which is one of the world’s largest economies but not part of the G7.
China has has sent vaccines to 66 countries in the form of aid, according to state news agency Xinhua, and also promised to provide 10 million doses to COVAX which is supported by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) and the World Health Organization (WHO). ).
COVAX aims to deliver 2 billion doses of vaccines to lower-income countries by the end of 2021.
Prior to this week’s new commitments, only 150 million doses had been promised to COVAX, far from the 250 million needed by the end of September.
Below are the G7 promises so far:
The President of the United States, Joe Biden, plans to buy and donate 500 million doses of Pfizer coronavirus vaccine in more than 90 countries. He also called on the world’s democracies to do their part to help end the pandemic.
US pharmacist Pfizer and its German partner, BioNTech, will deliver 200 million doses in 2021 and 300 million doses in the first half of 2022, which the United States will then distribute to 92 lower-income countries in the United States. African Union.
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine requires two doses and must be stored at extremely low temperatures.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said that “the G7 will commit to distributing vaccines to inoculate the world by the end of next year, with millions coming from surplus UK stock”.
The United Kingdom has mainly used the AstraZeneca vaccine at twice the rate for its population, which was developed with Oxford University.
Britain says G7 leaders have agreed to provide 1 billion doses through dose sharing and funding to end the pandemic by 2022.
Johnson has promised to donate at least 100 million surplus coronavirus vaccines in the next year, including 5 million starting in the coming weeks.
The AstraZeneca vaccine, which is economical and easy to transport, is a key component of the COVAX program.
EU – including Germany, France and Italy
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said the European Union aims to donate at least 100 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine to middle- and middle-income countries by the end of 2021.
This includes a promise from France and Germany to donate 30 million doses each, with Italy donating 15 million doses.
France also said it has donated 184,000 doses of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 vaccine to Senegal through the COVAX vaccine sharing program.
Japan has said it will donate about 30 million doses of vaccines produced in the country to COVAX.
Taiwan, which was born out of the first year of the relatively undamaged pandemic, is beating a fire that started last month.
The Reuters news agency said Canada is in talks to donate excess doses through COVAX, although it has not yet made public a firm commitment to donate, or said how much it plans to donate.