Haitian authorities are looking for more suspects in those than last week assassination of President Jovenel Moise, As the country faces growing political uncertainty and many questions pending after the assassination.
Police have issued warrants for five fugitives they say they believe are “armed and dangerous,” including former Haitian Senator John Joel Joseph, former governor Joseph Felix Badio and businessman Rodolphe Jaar.
Authorities arrested 18 Colombians and three Haitians, including dual American-Haitian citizens, accused of forming a gang of mercenaries who opened fire on Moise and his wife, Martine Moise, at his home in Port-au-Prince. Prince in the early hours of July 7th.
The alleged mastermind of the operation, a Haitian doctor from the United States, named Christian Emmanuel Sanon, was also arrested this week.
But several questions remained unanswered, including what was the reason for the attack, and Moses ’death it has aggravated the deep political uncertainty in the village.
Moise has been widely criticized for failing source of gang violence, for his alleged involvement in corruption, to govern by decree for more than a year, and to stimulate a constitutional crisis after refusing to leave the February presidency.
Opposition groups, civil society activists and legal experts he said his term has expired at that time, but Moses insisted he was another year old.
Since his death, three Haitian politicians have been linked to the leadership since several state institutions do not function and the constitution is not clear on who should take over.
The interim prime minister, Claude Joseph, has claimed authority, but this has been challenged by two other senior politicians, Prime Minister-designate Ariel Henry and Senate President Joseph Lambert.
Joseph said this week that he has formed a committee composed of several government ministers to organize funeral proceedings for Moses.
“The government currently has two priorities: to pursue the investigation to bring justice to the president’s family and to organize a national funeral for the president,” said Joseph, who he ordered a 15-day “state of siege.” and even several days of national mourning after Moses was killed.
Joseph remained vague about the progress in the criminal investigation into the murder, calling the matter “very sensitive.”
Meanwhile, Joseph’s call last week for the United States and the United Nations send troops to Haiti to safeguard critical infrastructure has been met with opposition from Haitian civil society leaders, who say that any solution to the current crises must be led by Haitians.
Rights activists, too he refused a push from the United States and other international actors for Haiti to hold general elections later this year.
In a statement Tuesday evening, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he had spoken to the head of the Organization of American States (OAS) Luis Almagro and insisted on “the commitment of Washington to work with the OAS and our international partners to help Haitian institutions restore security and to pave the way for free and fair legislative and presidential elections in 2021. ”
On July 9, Haiti’s top human rights lawyer, Pierre Esperance, ordered U.S. President Joe Biden to take a different approach to the country of his predecessors.
“In the current state of insecurity in Haiti, the Biden administration must work to create the conditions in which we, the Haitian people – not the United States and the international community – can decide the future of our country, strengthen our democracy and guarantee our basic human rights, ”Esperance wrote in a column for the site Just Security.
“We do not want other countries to impose a government on us,” Jose Maslin, a 55-year-old resident of Porto-Vecchio, who is under a highway crossing in the western district of Delmas in the capital, told Reuters.
It was repeated by Judithe Volcy, 39, who told the news agency that foreign troops will be unable to solve Haiti’s deepest problems.
“Haiti’s economy is in a horrible shape. Everything is so expensive. So many people leave only for the campaign, or those who have money, leave for other countries, ”he said.
Haiti has also seen a recent arises in coronavirus infections, which the director of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) announced Wednesday that it could suffer when thousands of people have taken refuge in shelters due to continuous violence.
“Crowded refuges can become active points for COVID transmission,” Carissa Etienne said during a news briefing. “The limited supply and violence also impede the ability of health workers to safely care for patients in need. PAHO, along with other partners, is committed to supporting the Haitian people in these uncertain times.”