Amnesty International said in a new report that Amnesty International said the western Chinese region of Xinjiang had become a “dystopian infernal landscape” where the Uighurs and other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities met systematically and organized by the State “internment and mass torture as crimes against humanity.” eyewitness accounts of detained seniors.
In a study published on Thursday, Amnesty said that minority groups had been forced to abandon their religious traditions, language and culture, and that they had been subjected to mass surveillance, supporting the precedents. accusations of genocide and ethnic cleansing engaged in a network of hundreds of detention centers.
More than 50 former detainees in the camp have shared new testimonies with Amnesty, giving a detailed internal account of the conditions and treatment of Uyghurs and other groups in internment camps sanctioned by Chinese authorities since 2017, said Amnesty.
“Chinese authorities have created a dystopian infernal landscape on an astonishing scale in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,” said Agnès Callamard, secretary general of Amnesty International and former UN researcher on human rights.
“Uyghurs, Kazakhs and other Muslim minorities are committing crimes against humanity and other serious human rights violations that threaten to erase their religious and cultural identity.
“It should shake humanity’s consciousness that a large number of people have been subjected to brainwashing, torture and other degrading treatment in internment camps, while millions more are living in fear amid a vast surveillance apparatus.” .
Torture and other ill-treatment are systematic in the camps and every aspect of daily life is regimented in an effort to forcefully inculcate the ideals of the secular, homogeneous and Communist Party Chinese nation, the 160 report says. pages.
And here it is. ❗️WARNING❗️this is a press conference with the family and neighbors of @CourtUyghur witnesses who can speak under duress. People who have not been seen by their exiled families for a long time.
– Luke de Pulford 佩伦德 (@lukedepulford) June 9, 2021
In recent days, China has also been accused of spreading birth control policies aimed at the same minority groups, with the aim of cutting between 2.6 to 4.5 million births in 20 years.
Apart from the Uighurs and Kazakhs, the Hui, Kyrgyz, Uzbek and Tajik minorities in Xinjiang have also been swept away in the countryside.
Earlier, China denied the allegations of genocide and ethnic cleansing, saying the detention camps were vocational training centers intended to counter the threat of “extremism”.
On Wednesday, Beijing also filed family members and close neighbors to refute eyewitness accounts that appeared before a UK special court. investigate allegations of genocide and crimes against humanity in Xinjiang. However, a human rights defender warned that Beijing’s witnesses could speak “under duress.”
Query “Tiger Chair”
Since the beginning of 2017, a large number of Uighur men and women as well as other Muslim ethnic minorities have been arbitrarily detained or imprisoned, the report says.
They include hundreds of thousands who have been sent to prison in addition to the one million that the UN estimates have been sent to internment camps. Al Jazeera posted it similar testimonial accounts detailing the experience of owls in detention centers.
All of the more than 50 former detainees told Amnesty that they had been detained for what appeared to be entirely lawful behavior, such as having a religious status framework or communicating with someone abroad.
Witnesses said many of them underwent intense interrogation at police stations, and the trial included beatings and sleep deprivation.
They were also made to sit for up to 24 hours in so-called “tiger chairs,” with iron-clad legs and handcuffs holding the body in painful positions.
A woman, detained for having the WhatsApp messaging platform on her phone, said life in detention was very hectic, from a flag-raising ceremony in the early morning to a series of classroom sessions and late-night duties. to monitor other cell mates.
“There was not a minute left for you.” You are exhausted, ”the woman was quoted as saying by Amnesty.
Each former detainee interviewed has suffered torture or other ill-treatment, including electric shocks, water and sleep deprivation and exposure to extreme cold among others, the report says.
An elderly woman who was punished for defending her cellmate said she was taken to a small, dark, cold, windowless room where she had her hands and feet folded and was forced to sit on it. an iron chair for three days in a row.
Two former detainees said they had been forced to carry heavy crickets – in one case for a full year. Others have described that they were hit with electric batons or sprayed with pepper spray.
Some detainees reported being tortured more than once, while others said they were forced to continue torturing their cellmates.
Amnesty International has learned of a case where a detainee is thought to have died as a result of his arrest in a tiger chair, in front of his cellmates, for 72 hours, during which time he urinated and defecated on himself.
“China must immediately dismantle internment camps, release people detained arbitrarily in detention and in prisons, and end systematic attacks against Muslims in Xinjiang,” Callamard said.
“The international community must speak out and act in unison to end this abomination, once and for all.”
A U.S. Senate committee held a hearing Thursday to address the alleged atrocities in Xinjiang with testimonies from Uighur defenders and U.S. investigators.
U.S. lawmakers have considered bans on imports of solar panels and other products made through forced labor and have planned to probe the role of U.S. technology companies in activating China’s mass repression in Xinjiang.
“We have some very concrete steps we can take,” Senator Tim Kaine said, adopting the Amnesty report as part of the Senate hearing record.
The United States in March joined the EU, the United Kingdom and Canada in imposing specific sanctions on Chinese officials for what Secretary of State Antony Blinken called “genocide and crimes against humanity.”
In February, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi defended Beijing’s policy toward Uyghurs and other groups, telling the UN Human Rights Council that “there has never been a so-called genocide, forced labor or religious oppression in Xinjiang. ”
He had also invited the UN human rights commissioner to visit the closed region, but did not give any timetable.
Amnesty has said it will intensify its campaign to ensure the release of more than 60 people from Muslim minorities who have disappeared and are being held in Xinjiang.
Meanwhile, Beijing is under more pressure as lawyers submit new evidence to the International Criminal Court (ICC) that China is turning with force thousands of Xinjiang people from Tajikistan to China.
Beijing denies the allegations of abuse and is not a signatory to the ICC statute. Tajikistan is a member, and lawyers hope its affiliation could be a way to bring the allegations of Chinese ill-treatment to trial before the court.
“Based on this new evidence file presented to the ICC prosecutor, which shows the actions of the Chinese authorities directly in Tajikistan – an ICC State Party – it is clear that the CPI has the jurisdiction to open an investigation,” Rodney Dixon, a lawyer representing Ugandan groups, said in a statement.